Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti

Haiti’s ex-PM appears before a judge

By Joseph Guyler Delva

11:50 a.m. May 26, 2005

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti � – Haiti’s former prime minister, imprisoned without
formal charges for 11 months, finally appeared before a judge to answer
accusations that he masterminded a massacre of opponents over a year ago.

Yvon Neptune, who has been on a hunger strike since April 17, was taken
Wednesday to St. Marc, about 60 miles north of Port-au-Prince, to be heard
by a court for the first time since his arrest last June.

Haiti’s constitution provides that a suspect should be brought before a
judge within 48 hours of arrest.

Neptune, whose detention has prompted expressions of concern from human
rights organizations and the United Nations, was so weak that he could not

“He had to be transported on a stretcher into the hearing room, where he
spent about four hours,” Ronald St-Jean, head of the Committee to Protect
the Rights of the Haitian People, said Thursday.

“It is a good step. We hope Mr. Neptune’s rights, which have been violated
since the beginning of the process, will finally be respected,” he said.

Neptune, who served under ousted president Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is
detained on accusations that he masterminded what Aristide opponents have
called a massacre on Feb. 11, 2004, in La Syrie, a small village, near


A U.N. expert on human rights who visited the area to
investigate the case has rejected the idea of a massacre, arguing that the
deaths recorded in that region in February resulted from a series of
confrontations between pro- and anti-Aristide groups.

Aristide fled the country on Feb. 29, 2004, in the face of a month-long
armed revolt and under U.S. and French pressure to quit. He is living in
exile in South Africa.

Some Haitian lawyers have argued that Neptune’s arrest was illegal because
he was not invited to appear before an investigating judge before he was

The government says Neptune has been charged in connection with killings at
La Syrie. But some legal experts say that under Haitian law, formal charges
would come only after a judge says there is enough evidence to proceed with
the case.

Patrick Elie, who attended the hearing as an observer for Neptune, said the
former prime minister “rejected all the accusations brought against him,
explaining that his arrest and detention was a political lynching.”

He said Neptune had never sought to escape justice and had not given up his
hunger strike, which he started to protest his detention.

“Neptune had challenged judicial authorities, because he believes he is the
victim of a political lynching that has nothing to do with justice,” Elie
said. “If it is about justice and not about political revenge, I am
confident that Neptune will be released.”

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