Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti

Draft Resolution: Support for the Strengthening of Democratic Institutions and Socioeconomic Development in Haiti (OAS)

From the Organization of American States

Co-sponsors:  Venezuela, Peru, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guyana, Grenada, Barbados, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Jamaica, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, Dominican Republic, Paraguay, Bolivia, Uruguay, El Salvador, Trinidad and Tobago, Argentina, Belize, United States, Canada and Mexico

This document is being distributed to the permanent missions and will be presented to the Permanent Council of the Organization.

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

Recognizing that some of the essential purposes stated in the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) are to promote and consolidate representative democracy with due regard for the principle of nonintervention, to promote, by cooperative action, the economic, social, and cultural development of the member states, and to eradicate extreme poverty, which constitutes an obstacle to the full democratic development of the peoples of the hemisphere; and reaffirming its strong attachment to the sovereignty, independence, well-being and prosperity of the people of Haiti;

Recalling that the Inter-American Democratic Charter recognizes that “democracy is essential for the social, political, and economic development of the peoples of the Americas”; that “democracy and social and economic development are interdependent and mutually reinforcing”; and that “poverty, illiteracy, and low levels of human development are factors that adversely affect the consolidation of democracy”;

 

Emphasizing the need to support the Government and people of Haiti in accordance with the Declaration on Security in the Americas which recognizes that social justice and human development are necessary for the stability of each state in the Hemisphere; that fostering friendly relations and inter-American cooperation for integral development strengthens the security of the states of the Hemisphere, that the security of states is also affected, in different ways, by the extreme poverty and social exclusion of broad sectors of the population, which also affect stability and democracy; and that extreme poverty erodes social cohesion and undermines the security of States;

Recalling also its resolutions, in particular resolution AG/RES. 2215 (XXXVI-O/06), and those of the Permanent Council on the situation in Haiti, as well as report CP/doc.4186/07 of March 12, 2007, presented by the Secretary General to the Permanent Council on developments in the situation in Haiti;

Welcoming the peaceful holding of the most recent free and democratic presidential, legislative, and local elections which brought about renewal of the political leadership in Haiti;

Welcoming also the inclusive composition of the Government of Haiti and the progress achieved in the areas of political, economic, and social development in Haiti, and encouraging the efforts by the authorities and the people of Haiti to continue promoting, through their national dialogue, peace, stability, security, socioeconomic development, job creation, better health conditions, social progress and stronger institutions;

Acknowledging the positive evolution of the security environment and the encouraging results of efforts aimed at overall recovery in Haiti and recognizing the need to support the Government of Haiti until the social and institutional stabilization of the country has been achieved;

Recognizing the importance attached by the Government of Haiti to trade and investment as tools for creating jobs and furthering socioeconomic development;

Noting with interest the encouraging results achieved thanks to the efforts of the Haitian National Police with the support of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) in the areas of security, maintenance of public order, and protection of the human and constitutional rights of all Haitians;

Commending the work carried out by the OAS Special Mission for Strengthening Democracy in Haiti, and commending also the establishment in the General Secretariat of a Task Force on Haiti in order to coordinate the work of the OAS in that country as well as cooperation between the OAS and other inter-American and global institutions, and welcoming the role played by the OAS in the recent elections, in particular the establishment, by means of national identity cards, of a solid foundation for modernizing the civil registry;

 

Recognizing the role played by the institutions of the Inter-American System in supporting the Government of Haiti in their respective area of specialization;

 

Underscoring the positive outcomes of the International Conferences for the Economic and Social Development of Haiti, held in Port-au-Prince on July 25, 2006, and in Madrid on November 29, 2006, and greatly appreciating the international bilateral aid and horizontal cooperation granted to the Government and people of Haiti, aimed particularly at meeting the immediate needs of the least privileged segments of the population, providing basic social services, and generating employment;

 

Noting the “High-Level International Conference on Haiti”, held in Brasilia, Brazil on May 23, 2006, and the “Meeting of Latin American Countries in MINUSTAH on Haiti – Mechanism 2 and 9” in Lima, Peru on February 12, 2007; and urging the sustained engagement of the international community and international financial institutions in providing technical and financial support for the development of Haiti;

Taking into account the Declaration of Santo Domingo, approved in the framework of the Regional Summit on Drugs, Security and Cooperation, on March 16, 2007, in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic;

Noting also the work of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) at its forty-first regular session in Washington, D.C. on May 2 to 4, 2007, when it considered the strengthening of international support to Haiti to combat the drug problem;

Underscoring the positive impact on the People and Government of Haiti that would result from forgiving that country’s external public debt by the international financial community so that the financial resources can be used to promote social and economic development;

Encouraging the search for solutions to address weaknesses in the judicial and penitentiary systems in Haiti, including prolonged pretrial detentions with a view to strengthening the rule of law, respect for human rights, and due process;

Reaffirming the hemispheric commitment to a just and equitable society in Haiti based on the principles of justice and social inclusion;

RESOLVES:

1. To congratulate the people of Haiti on the recent holding of peaceful elections, as well as the Haitian Government on the positive evolution of the situation in Haiti.

2. To reaffirm the support of the member states of the Organization for the newly elected officials in the exercise of democratic, inclusive, representative, participatory, and effective governance with the understanding that the Government and People of Haiti are, ultimately, the principal players in efforts to develop their country.

3. To reiterate its support for the efforts of the Government of Haiti in its pursuit of an inclusive and democratic government which contributes to strengthening security in Haiti, the elimination of poverty, and the socioeconomic recovery of the Haitian people, in a peaceful and stable political, social and economic environment.

4. To underscore the utmost importance of the vision of inclusion and dialogue undertaken by the Government of Haiti; and to encourage the strengthening of a peaceful and secure environment conducive to a steady process of sustainable development.

5. To urge the OAS member states and the rest of the international community to deepen as a matter of priority their commitment to the people of Haiti, based on the principles of solidarity and international cooperation for development, with a view to contributing decisively to solving the immediate needs of the Haitian population, reducing poverty, especially extreme poverty, carrying out national reconstruction programs and projects, fostering economic and social development, and consolidating democratic institutions.

6. To reaffirm its support for increased capacity and professionalization of the Haitian National Police, including the vetting and certification of new and existing officers, under the leadership of the Haitian authorities, in close collaboration with the OAS and the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and with the support of the international community.

7. To continue to promote the process of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration; and the process of creating and strengthening community security mechanisms and eradicating violence and the criminal activities of gangs as an essential component for promoting peace and reconciliation in Haiti.

8. To recognize the contributions of the Haiti Task Force in support of improving the political, democratic and socioeconomic situation, and in this regard, the streamlining of operations and activities in the OAS Office in Haiti.

9. To acknowledge the significant contribution of MINUSTAH, in which several OAS member states are participating, to the restoration of improved security conditions, as part of the efforts to strengthen the political and institutional environment and improve the socioeconomic situation in Haiti.

10. To encourage the institutions of the Inter-American system to continue their valuable assistance in their areas of competence.

11. To call upon the international community to assist Haitian authorities in their efforts against the proliferation of and illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons within the territory of Haiti.

12. To welcome the ratification by the Haitian Parliament of the UN Convention against corruption and to encourage the Haitian Government to harmonize domestic legislation accordingly.

13. To encourage the member states to cooperate with the Government of Haiti by providing training and technical assistance related to the interdiction of drug-smuggling activities, and to encourage the Government of Haiti to implement narcotics demand reduction polices and programs, in line with hemispheric guidelines in this matter adopted by the OAS on the basis of work done by CICAD.

14. To request the General Secretariat through the Task Force on Haiti:

  • a) To continue its work in support of the establishment of the Permanent Electoral Council.
  • b) To continue supporting the Haitian authorities, in particular the Ministry of Justice, in the process of modernizing the civil registry.
  • c) To undertake a survey of those entities currently engaged in strengthening the Haitian judicial system, including the Haitian Authorities and international organizations, to determine the most appropriate forms of support the organs of the OAS, including the Center for Justice Studies in the Americas and the Inter-American Juridical Committee can provide to existing efforts to fight impunity, uphold the rule of law, and promote further trust in the Haitian society.
  • d) To strengthen its activities in the other areas in which it is already involved, such as: promotion of tourism and trade; to support the Government of Haiti in holding by the end of 2007 a trade and investment forum with a view to strengthening economic growth, stimulating the creation of employment and wealth, and consolidating the Haitian institutions working in those areas.
  • e) To play an increased role in resource mobilization for the benefit of Haiti and to provide strong support to the Government of Haiti so that it may strengthen its external aid management and coordination capacity.
  • f) To support the Government of Haiti in the formulation of development policies in coordination with the United Nations, the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and other international institutions and agencies.
  • g) To provide, through CICAD and the Inter-American Observatory on Drugs cooperation aimed at achieving a fully operational Drug Observatory in Haiti in the form of technical and scientific training in the exchange of information among professionals in this field, with a view to obtaining accurate and reliable information on the real situation in the country, in this area.

15. To request the international financial institutions and Haiti’s partners to extend, as a matter of urgency, and consistent with the development priorities of the Government of Haiti, their full financial support for programs to create jobs, promote education, eradicate illiteracy, regenerate the environment, achieve appropriate standards for food security, expand available health care, restore and increase infrastructure, and promote investment.

16. To stress the need to accelerate the disbursement of those funds pledged on the occasion of the International Conferences for the Economic and Social Development of Haiti that have not yet been placed at the disposal of the Haitian government to execute labor-intensive projects, expand basic social services, and promote political stability and socioeconomic development.

17. To urge the international community, the international financial institutions, and Haiti’s partners to coordinate, inter alia, through international donors’ conferences, significant technical and financial support for the Government of Haiti, with a view to avoiding duplication of efforts aimed at building synergies and improving efficiency in support of strengthening democracy and socioeconomic development.

18. To confer the responsibilities of the OAS Special Mission for Strengthening Democracy in Haiti and any other OAS representation to the OAS Country Office in Haiti, taking into account the positive evolution of the situation in Haiti and the need to focus increasingly on contributing to the social and economic development of the people of Haiti and the strengthening of democratic institutions in Haiti.

19. To urge member states and the international community to coordinate their efforts in providing aid to the Government of Haiti, and in this regard establish a database of donor assistance to Haiti

20. To request the General Secretariat to submit a semi-annual report to the Permanent Council on developments in the situation in Haiti and on the activities of the Task Force on Haiti.

21. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

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