Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti

Draft Resolution: Support for Institutional Strengthening and Socioeconomic Development in Haiti (OAS)

From the Organization of American States

This document is being distributed to the permanent missions and will be presented to the Permanent Council of the Organization.

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

RECOGNIZING that one of the essential purposes of the Organization of American States (OAS) is to promote and consolidate representative democracy and respect for democratic institutions, with due regard for the principle of nonintervention, as stated in its Charter; and reaffirming its strong attachment to the sovereignty and independence of Haiti;

REAFFIRMING the principles contained in the Inter-American Democratic Charter, in particular the principle that “[d]emocracy is essential for the social, political, and economic development of the peoples of the Americas”; that “[d]emocracy and social and economic development are interdependent and mutually reinforcing”; and that “[p]overty, illiteracy, and low levels of human development are factors that adversely affect the consolidation of democracy”;

RECALLING its resolutions, in particular resolution AG/RES. 2215 (XXXVI-O/06), and those of the Permanent Council on the situation in Haiti, as well as report CP/doc.4186/07 of March 12, 2007, presented by the Secretary General to the Permanent Council on developments in the situation in Haiti;

NOTING the establishment in the General Secretariat of a Task Force on Haiti in order to coordinate the cooperation between that country and the OAS;

WELCOMING the recent peaceful holding of free and democratic presidential, legislative, and local elections, which brought about renewal of the political leadership and political alternance in Haiti;

NOTING the inclusive composition of the Government of Haiti, which feeds the process of ongoing dialogue, peace, stability, and security, and fosters an environment conducive to socioeconomic development;

COMMENDING the work carried out by the OAS Special Mission for Strengthening Democracy in Haiti; and welcoming the role played by the OAS in the recent elections, in particular the establishment, by means of national identity cards, of a solid foundation for modernizing the civil registry;

SEEKING to support the Government of Haiti in its pursuit of effective governance in order to help strengthen security in Haiti; and to promote the socioeconomic recovery of the Haitian people in a peaceful and stable political environment;

WELCOMING the positive evolution of the security environment and the encouraging results of efforts aimed at economic recovery in Haiti;

NOTING the ministerial conferences in Port-au-Prince on July 25, 2006, and in Madrid on November 29, 2006; and urging the sustained engagement of the international community and international financial institutions in providing technical and financial support for the development of Haiti;

STRESSING the need to accelerate the disbursement of funds pledged on the occasion of the above-mentioned conferences with a view to the speedy implementation of labor-intensive projects, the continued extension of basic social services, and the promotion of political stability and socioeconomic development;

NOTING with interest the encouraging results achieved thanks to the efforts of the Haitian National Police with the support of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) in the areas of security, maintenance of public order, and protection of the human and constitutional rights of all Haitians; and

ENCOURAGING the search for solutions to weaknesses in the judicial and penitentiary systems in Haiti, including prolonged pretrial detentions and the need to strengthen due process,

RESOLVES:

1. To congratulate the people of Haiti on the recent holding of peaceful elections; to reaffirm the General Assembly’s expression of support for the newly elected officials in the exercise of democratic, inclusive, representative, participatory, and effective governance, as well as the Haitian Government on the positive evolution of the situation in Haiti.

2. To underscore the utmost importance of the vision of inclusion and dialogue expressed by the Government of Haiti; and to encourage the strengthening of a peaceful and secure environment conducive to a steady process of sustainable development.

3. To reaffirm its support for increased capacity and professionalization of the Haitian National Police, including the vetting and certification of new and existing officers, under the leadership of the Haitian authorities, in close collaboration with the OAS and the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and with the support of the international community.

4. To continue to promote the process of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration.

5. To call upon the international community to assist Haitian authorities in their efforts against the proliferation of and illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons on Haitian soil.

6. To strengthen initiatives toward universal education, improvement of the administration of justice, reforestation, job creation, and the promotion of tourism, inter alia, as essential components for promoting peace and reconciliation in Haiti;

7. To request the General Secretariat:

  • a) To support the Haitian authorities in their efforts to strengthen the judicial system, including through the Justice Studies Center of the Americas (JSCA), to increase cooperation between the Haitian judicial authorities and international experts, in order to fight impunity, uphold the rule of law, and promote even further trust in Haitian society;
  • b)To continue supporting the Haitian authorities, in particular the Ministry of Justice, in the process of modernizing the civil registry; and
  • c)To continue its work toward the establishment of the Permanent Electoral Council.

8. To request the international financial institutions and Haiti’s partners to extend, as a matter of urgency, and consistent with the development priorities of the Government of Haiti, their full financial support for programs to create jobs, promote education, eradicate illiteracy, regenerate the environment, achieve appropriate standards for food security, expand available health care, restore and increase infrastructure, and promote investment.

9. To urge the international community, the international financial institutions, and Haiti’s partners to coordinate, inter alia through international donors’ conferences, significant technical and financial support for the Government of Haiti, with a view to the sustainable development of Haiti and the stability of its institutions.

10. To welcome the initiative to establish in the General Secretariat the Task Force on Haiti, as well as the work it has already done; and to encourage it to play an increased role in resource mobilization for the benefit of Haiti and to provide strong support to the Government of Haiti so that it may strengthen its external aid management and coordination capacity.

11. To confer the responsibilities of the OAS Special Mission for Strengthening Democracy in Haiti and any other OAS representation to the OAS Country Office in Haiti, taking into account the positive evolution of the situation in Haiti and the need to focus increasingly on contributing to the social and economic development of the people of Haiti.

12. To request the General Secretariat to support the Government of Haiti in the formulation of development policies in coordination with the United Nations, the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and other international institutions and agencies.

13. To request the General Secretariat to facilitate the provision and coordination of support from the inter-American institutions to the people and Government of Haiti.

14. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

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