This article describes the latest version of the Provisional Electoral Council (CEP) in Haiti, which is tasked with leading the elections. One major cause of the current political crisis is the lack of constitutional CEPs in the past. The constitutionality of the newest CEP is still up for debate but it has a crucial role to play in ensuring fair and democratic elections in Haiti.
Part of the article is below. Click HERE for the full text.
A Look at the New Provisional Electoral Council
Center for Economic and Policy Research
February 6, 2015
Haiti’s current Provisional Electoral Council (CEP), formed in late January, is the fourth incarnation of an electoral council since Martelly’s ascension to the presidency in 2011. With elections delayed over three years, parliament ceasing to function and the country run by a de facto government, the current CEP will have a large role in leading the country to elections and a restoration of constitutional rule. “Fair elections will require an impartial, independent and constitutional CEP to facilitate the free participation of all political parties,” wrote the Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti (IJDH) last month.
While the formation of previous electoral councils did not follow Article 289 of the Haitian constitution (Martelly originally wanted to form a permanent electoral council that is subject to different provisions, for background on this, see here), the current one hews more closely to what is outlined there. Nine representatives from various sectors of civil society nominated representatives to the CEP, which were then ratified by the President. However, as IJDH points out, the process “deviated from the relevant constitutional provisions in several respects, including the participation of new civil society groups, and prohibiting the participation of government agents and political parties.” Further, the political accord outlining this new process never received parliamentary approval.
Click HERE for the full text.