Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti

POHDH Preliminary Report on the Election Rollout of August 9, 2015

One of Haiti’s large human rights organizations, POHDH released the following report (this is an unofficial translation) on the August 9th round of legislative elections. The report ends with recommendations for the Provisional Electoral Council, the Haitian government, officials working in the justice system, and political parties and candidates so that the electoral process may be improved.

Klike ISI pou rapò orijinal la, an kreyòl.

POHDH Preliminary Report on the Election Rollout of August 9, 2015


  • I-    Context of the realization of the legislative elections
  • II-   General notes on the voting day of August 9
  • III-  Rollout of the process for each department
  • IV-  Behavior of other electoral observation missions
  • V-   Commentary on the electoral process and the voting day of August 9
  • VI-  Recommendations


I-  Context of the realization of the legislative elections

The legislative elections to elect 119 new Deputies and 20 Senators finally happened, despite all the types of irregularities there were, on August 9 2015 with the 5th Provisional Electoral Council, passed a test which allows the Haitian people to understand at what level the country is following a democratic plan. These elections were held after over 4 years since Mr. Michel Joseph Martelly came to power, as President, without holding any elections. Since May 2012, the mandates of a third of the Senate (10 out of 30 senators) were already done. On the pretext that the President of the Republic was awaiting the publication of an amended constitution for him to build a Permanent Electoral Council (CEP) to realize the elections, the head of State dragged his feet until parliament became dysfunctional at the beginning of 2015. All of the magistrates and KASEK were replaced by interim executive agents who are representatives or extensions of the executive power.

But, if we agree that with Martelly the government rises and falls, the blackmail(?) of the Permanent Electoral Council replaced by the provisional electoral council more than 4 times, we also determined that the President didn’t have any will to allow the elections to be held in the constitution delay made for this. In this sense, the State authorities, particularly the President of the Republic, violated the political rights of the Haitian people.

Despite everything, POHDH and other organizations take their hats off to the 5th CEP that was born during a period of crisis and political instability but managed to respect the August 9th date to realize the legislative elections. But when POHDH considers how the CEP treated the case of the pile of Deputy and Senate candidates, they could have already been involved in electoral violence and trickery. We’ll recall that there were 1777 declarations for Deputy candidates, the CEP ended up keeping 1331 and kicking 446 out; There were 262 declarations for Senate candidates, the CEP ended up keeping 186 and kicking out 76 after contestations; when we also consider that more than 7 people lost their lives and a number of others were wounded in the electoral violence; the President of the Republic who violated the electoral laws in utilizing state materials to campaign for his party which is PHTK; violent acts and sexual assault of women particularly suffered at the hands of either Martelly or other candidates or their supporters; we believe it’s a seed of violence that was growing to fruition as we determined on the day of Sunday August 9.

Facing these situations, POHDH, for 20 years has never been indifferent during electoral periods. This report is possible thanks to the work of more than 800 people POHDH accredited as observers who were deployed in the voting centers in various departments of the country. This work is done in collaboration with some member organizations of POHDH that didn’t deploy elections observers themselves, and in collaboration with Solidarite Fanm Ayisyèn (SOFA).


Click HERE for the full report.

Klike ISI pou rapò orijinal la, an kreyòl.

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