In the wake of Hurricane Matthew, people around the globe are eager to help victims of the hurricane in any way they can. The New York Times Editorial Board discusses the need to donate cautiously, and to organizations with a legitimized history of helping Haitians on the ground. The Board also analyzes the need for the next UN Security General, António Guterres, as well as member nations, to take up the UN’s obligation to eradicate cholera in Haiti, once and for all.
Haiti’s New Catastrophe
The Editorial Board, The New York Times
October 7, 2016
Hurricane Matthew battered Florida and points north on Friday, having already wreaked deadly havoc in the Bahamas, Jamaica, Cuba and Haiti. All those along its path need aid and protection and, when the wind and rain end, swift help in rebuilding.
But Haiti needs it most.
The southwestern part of the country, already isolated before being cut off by the storm, has been ravaged. In the city of Jérémie, about 80 percent of the buildings were flattened. The aerial photographs are heart-wrenching: What last week was an urban grid is now a smear of sticks, bricks and mud. The rough estimates of the nationwide death toll on Friday fluctuated — 200, 500, 800. All that seemed certain was that the number would rise.
Natural catastrophes are tragically familiar in Haiti, which was devastated by an earthquake in 2010 — an acute emergency laid cruelly upon chronic poverty and underdevelopment. But equally familiar is the tragically misguided disaster response. Charity flows in all directions, many of them wrong. It is sent to organizations with shallow connections in the country, to be managed by and for the benefit of non-Haitians, soaked up in overhead or misspent on projects that languish and development that never comes. Much pledged aid never arrives.
The pressing needs now, before the rebuilding, are clean water, food and health care. Among the most fearsome imminent dangers is the spread of cholera, the disease that the United Nations inflicted on Haiti, through the recklessness of its troops, then spent years shrugging off its responsibility for. With more than one million Haitians affected by the hurricane, the United Nations Population Fund has also been calling attention to the needs of pregnant women, more than 8,400 of whom are expected to give birth in the next three months.
The organization’s member nations, meanwhile, need to answer the urgent appeal for relief aid, and then deliver on their promises. The United States government has another responsibility, beyond humanitarian relief: The Department of Homeland Security should immediately reinstitute temporary protected status for Haitians in the United States, and suspend efforts to deport unauthorized immigrants back to the disaster zone.
People who are moved to help should temper generosity with caution, and consult guides to effective, reputable charities. Hard experience shows how donations go astray: The Red Cross raised $500 million in appeals after the Haiti earthquake, but reporters for NPR and ProPublica, in an exhaustive investigation, searched in vain for where all that money went.
The looming damage from the storm takes on an extra dimension in Florida, the epicenter of American political disasters. Gov. Rick Scott, a Republican, deserves credit for taking Matthew seriously — his calls to Floridians to flee the storm were strong, clear and utterly appropriate. But he has also sought political advantage in the wreckage. He has rebuffed sensible calls to extend voter-registration deadlines, which means thousands of evacuees will risk losing not just their homes, but also their voice in the presidential election. “Everybody has had a lot of time to register,” Mr. Scott told reporters, a dubious judgment that neatly benefits his role as the leader of a “super PAC” that supports Donald Trump. (Gov. Nikki Haley of South Carolina has extended deadlines in her state.)
Maybe before the winds die down, Mr. Scott could come to his senses on Floridians’ right to vote. And when the skies clear, maybe his levelheaded response to the reality of Matthew’s deadly winds and rain could also lead him and his fellow Republicans to confront the reality and consequences of climate change, a subject he refuses to acknowledge, and the likelihood of even more powerful storms and rising seas. Whether he and his party admit it or not, something very real has been causing parts of his state to keep sinking and other parts, from time to time, to get blown away.
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