Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti

Vera Report

Vera-Report-2002

No Reconciliation Without Justice: Significant Developments in Haiti’s Criminal Justice System

No Reconciliation Without Justice: Significant Developments in Haiti’s Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice Matters, No. 44, July 2001, p. 22 By Brian Concannon Jr. www.cjm.org In the year 2000, the Haitian judiciary conducted two major human rights trials that showed both how far the justice system had come since Haiti’s transition to democracy began in 1994, and how far it still needs to go. The trials also provide an example to the rest of the world that justice for human rights victims need not be sacrificed in a democratic transition, that tenacity by a government and by civil society can surmount often-substantial obstacles. The constitutional authorities restored to power in October 1994 inherited a justice system in disarray, in one of the world’s poorest countries. Never a model of fairness, the system had been ravaged by the thirty-year dictatorship of […]

Justice for Haiti: The Raboteau Trial

Justice for Haiti: The Raboteau Trial Haiti’s Raboteau Massacre trial was a major, though under-reported, development in international law in 2000. The case is a milestone in the international fight against impunity for large-scale human rights violations. It can also serve as a model for other countries attempting to address the crimes of a dictatorship through national prosecutions after a democratic transition. The trial concluded on November 9, 2000 when, after six weeks of trial and five years of pre-trial proceedings, a jury in the Haitian city of Gonaïves convicted sixteen former soldiers and paramilitaries for participating in the April 1994 Raboteau Massacre. A week later, the judge convicted thirty-seven more defendants in absentia, including the entire military high command and the heads of the paramilitary FRAPH (Front Révolutionnaire pour l’Avancement et le Progrès Haïtiens). The Raboteau case marked a […]

Justice for Haiti: The Raboteau Trial – outline

Justice for Haiti: The Raboteau Trial O U T L I N E Justice for Haiti: The Raboteau Trial A. Background B. The Massacre C. The Fight for Justice D. The Trial E. Follow-up  

Brian Concannon, Justice for Haiti: The Raboteau Trial (ABA)

The International Lawyer Summer, 2001 35 Int’l Law. 641 SECTION: INTERNATIONAL LEGAL DEVELOPMENTS IN REVIEW: 2000 TITLE: PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW: International Criminal Law: V. Justice for Haiti: The Raboteau Trial AUTHOR: Brian Concannon, Jr. *, Introduction by David Stoelting ** * Brian Concannon, Jr. has worked in Haiti for the Bureau des Avocats Internationaux for five years. ** David Stoelting is with Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP, New York. He is Chair of the International Criminal Law Committee of the ABA Section of International Law and Practice. TEXT: Haiti’s Raboteau Massacre trial was a major, though under-reported, development in international law in 2000. The case is a milestone in the international fight against impunity for large-scale human rights violations. It can also serve as a model for other countries attempting to address the crimes of a dictatorship through national prosecutions […]

A Step in the Right Direction

Brian Concannon Jr., The Miami Herald February 6, 2001 A Step in the Right Direction Haiti ‘s progress in consolidating democracy over the last decade is spectacular. PORT-AU-PRINCE , HAITI- Tomorrow, Haiti President Rene Preval is scheduled to pass the mantle of power to his successor, Jean-Bertrand Aristide. If he does, he will have been elected, served no more nor less than his constitutional term and relinquished power voluntarily. Such a trajectory in a more-established democracy would be routine, not worthy of note. In Haiti , it’s an accomplishment, one that none of Preval’s predecessors since independence in 1804 have managed. If present trends continue, Haitians may one day treat such an administration as routine. Haiti has struggled in its democratic transition since the departure of Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier in 1986, and it continues to struggle today. Yet, viewed against […]

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