Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti

The Moral Imperative of Responsibility

The apathy paid to responsibility by the UN concerning cholera in Haiti represents a breakdown in the international order. This denial is an example of a superiority above accountability that threatens the delicate agreement of treaties and understandings when it comes to supranational aid. Part of the article is below. Click HERE for the full text. No Immunity from Cholera Debra L. Raskin & Anil Kalhan, Foreign Affairs July 13, 2016 Pressure is mounting on the United States to push the United Nations to respond more effectively to the cholera epidemic that broke out in Haiti in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake. The epidemic has reportedly killed at least 9,200 and, by some estimates, perhaps as many as three times that number. Hundreds of thousands more have been infected. And the devastation isn’t over; Haiti continues to struggle to contain a disease that […]

International Interference in Haiti’s Elections Threatens its Recovery

Though Haiti is no longer without a Parliament, the country still faces a political crisis as the final round of elections (currently scheduled for January 24) approaches. Despite rampant fraud, violence, and other problems in the first two rounds of elections, the international community has pushed Haiti to continue forward with the electoral process. Now, one of the top two presidential candidates has refused to participate in the final round, making this a one-man “election.” Though many have warned of the problems that will come from an illegitimate government, the international community is still urging Haiti to push forward with just one candidate in the race. Part of the article is below. Click HERE for the full text. Hands Off Haiti Why International Interference Is Hampering Recovery Lauren Carasik, Foreign Affairs January 18, 2016 Six years after Haiti’s devastating earthquake, much […]

Why the US Should Suspend Military Aid to the DR

As calls for justice in the Dominican Republic increase, the United States continues to remain neutral on the issue. The US and DR have close economic ties, which many are urging the US to use as leverage to pressure the DR to end its human rights violations against people of Haitian descent. This article describes the US response thus far, how the US can leverage its influence to call for justice, and the situation people of Haitian descent are facing in DR and in Haiti after deportation. Part of the article is below. Click HERE for the full text. The End of U.S. Complicity In the Dominican Republic How Washington Should Respond to the Humanitarian Crisis Lauren Carasik, Foreign Affairs August 20, 2015 In the past two months, more than 60,000 Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian descent have fled the Dominican Republic […]

How Peacekeeping Needs to Change to Avoid Risks to Public Health

Historically, soldiers have played a major role in the spread of diseases worldwide. This trend didn’t end with the creation of “peaceful” soldiers as United Nations peacekeepers brought cholera to Haiti in 2010, and pose a serious risk of bringing drug-resistant malaria to African countries. Despite the high risk of peacekeepers bringing disease to vulnerable areas, the United Nations has done little to prevent these sorts of disasters in the future. The UN certainly has the power and resources to implement public health strategies that will mitigate these risks. Doing so could also aid in capacity-building for troop-contributing countries in their own domestic response to disease. Part of the article is below. Click HERE for the full text. Peace and Pestilence Lessons on Peacekeeping and Public Health from the Haitian Cholera Epidemic Adam Houston, Foreign Affairs June 21, 2015 For centuries, war and […]

Red Cross Scandal Epitomizes Aid Accountability Problem

The Red Cross recently came under fire after an investigation by NPR and ProPublica revealed widespread mismanagement of funds and lack of accountability for nearly half a billion dollars received post-quake. This lack of accountability, however, is not an isolated issue: Both the lack of adequate response to the cholera epidemic caused by UN peacekeepers and mismanagement of relief funds by USAID show that this problem is widespread. When organizations like these become too focused on pleasing donors and troop-contributing countries, they fail to really help the local populations. This author provides some recommendations on how aid accountability can be improved. Part of the article is below. Click HERE for the full text. House Hunters How Reconstruction in Haiti Went So Wrong Lauren Carasik, Foreign Affairs June 21, 2015 In the five years following the devastating 2010 earthquake that killed more than 200,000 and displaced […]

Cholera and Ebola’s Root Cause: Poverty

This article compares two diseases that seem completely different, cholera and ebola. The epidemics in Haiti and West Africa can both be traced to poverty as a root cause. The lack of Western response is especially disheartening in Haiti, where cholera victims still have not seen reparations or improvement in water or sanitation systems four years after the UN first caused the epidemic. Part of the article is below. Click HERE for the full text. The Poor and the Sick: What Cholera and Ebola Have in Common Fran Quigley, Foreign Affairs October 19, 2014 The two deadliest outbreaks of this century can be traced to one thing: poverty. Cholera exploded in the Haitian countryside in October 2010, infecting more than 600,000 people and killing 8,600. Ebola surfaced this March in Guinea and has since spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone. As of […]

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