Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti

Cholera and the Road to Modernity: Lessons from One Latin American Epidemic for Another

By Jonathan Weigel and Paul Farmer, Americas Quarterly August 6, 2012 A bold, comprehensive campaign to control cholera in Haiti could save thousands of lives. So why the holdup? Haiti is currently battling the world’s largest cholera epidemic in half a century. An integrated, comprehensive response—including case-finding and rapid treatment, water and sanitation efforts, and vaccination—could bring cholera to heel on Hispaniola and help prevent its spread elsewhere in the region.1 But the local and international response has, to date, fallen short. Tens of thousands of cases and hundreds of deaths were reported in May and June of this year.2 If the disease had appeared in the United States or elsewhere in the developed world, all available control tools would have been deployed. But the safe, effective and inexpensive cholera vaccine has only recently become available in Haiti. In April, the […]

Sao Paulo, Brazil: International Conference Launches Campagin to End Military Occupation in Haiti (Haiti Liberte)

By, Kim Ives, Haiti Liberte Nov 9, 2011 On Nov. 5, some 600 people gathered in Brazil’s Sao Paulo City Hall auditorium for a four-hour “Continental Act for the Immediate Withdrawal of UN Troops from Haiti.” Delegates from Haiti, the United States, France, Bolivia, Argentina, and Uruguay attended, as did hundreds of unionists, students, activists, and politicians from around Brazil. The conference – organized by the Committee to Defend Haiti is to Defend Ourselves – was led by the dissident O Trabalho (The Work) current of the ruling Brazilian Workers Party (PT). Numerous PT legislative representatives from other political currents around Brazil participated in the gathering. With some 2,200 soldiers and policemen deployed in Haiti, Brazil leads and has the largest contingent in the armed force of 12,300 armed men and women known as UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti or […]

Latin American nations back 1-year extension of U.N. force in Haiti

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti: Nine Latin American nations with U.N. peacekeepers deployed in Haiti voiced support for extending the mission for another year but declined to say when they would remove their troops. The U.N. Security Council is expected to renew the mandate of the 8,800-strong, Brazilian-led force on Oct. 14. On Tuesday, defense ministers from Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guatemala, Peru, Uruguay and Paraguay traveled to Haiti to show their support for Haitian President Rene Preval, who last year authorized the U.N. force to take a firmer hand against street gangs blamed for violence. Chilean Defense Minister Jose Goni said the countries agreed to support a 12-month extension of the U.N. mission, which arrived in 2004 to restore order after a violent uprising ousted former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. “Our work (in the U.N. mission) has helped achieve a notable level […]

What Future for Haiti? An Interview with Patrick Elie, Reed Lindsay

By Reed Lindsay for NACLA  October 23, 2006 This article was originally published on NACLA News, a new source of news and analysis on Latin America and the Caribbean produced by the North American Congress on Latin America (NACLA). In February 2004, U.S. Marines whisked away then-President Jean-Bertrand Aristide from Haiti amid an armed rebellion led by disgruntled former soldiers and paramilitary actors. Despite the presence of a United Nations peacekeeping force, violence and poverty increased under the U.S.-backed interim government led by Interim Prime Minister G�rard Latortue, which courted the elite and its international backers while alienating Haiti�s overwhelming poor majority. The crisis hit a low point last December and January, with daily shootings in the poor neighborhood of Cit� Soleil and an outbreak of kidnappings. President Ren� Pr�val�s electoral victory on February 7 suddenly brought peace and hope […]

A Deal Is Reached to Name a Victor in Haiti’s Election

By GINGER THOMPSON Feb 16, 2006 PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti, Feb. 16 � The front-runner in last week’s presidential election, Ren� Pr�val, was declared the winner today as part of an agreement by leaders of Haiti’s interim government to re-tabulate the votes. This morning, the Provisional Electoral Council announced the victory, which was followed by celebrations and demonstrations in front of the national palace. The agreement is a result of negotiations by Mr. Pr�val, government officials, foreign diplomats and international observers, including the Organization of American States. A high-ranking official from the Organization of American States, who insisted on anonymity because of the fragile nature of the agreement, said on Wednesday night that loopholes in Haitian electoral law allow the government to discard an estimated 85,000 blank ballots included in the original tally. By excluding them, Mr. Pr�val’s lead would increase from […]

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