Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti

The Cholera Outbreak in Haiti: Where and how did it begin?

By Daniele Lantagne, G. Balakrish Nair, Claudio F. Lanata and Alejandro Cravioto, Microbiology and Immunology July 25, 2013 Abstract In October 2010, cholera appeared in Haiti for the first time in nearly a century. The Secretary-General of the United Nations formed an Independent Panel to ‘‘investigate and seek to determine the source of the 2010 cholera outbreak in Haiti’’. To fulfill this mandate, the Panel conducted concurrent epidemiological, water and sanitation, and molecular analysis investigations. Our May 2011 findings indicated that the 2010 Haiti cholera outbreak was caused by bacteria introduced into Haiti as a result of human activity; more specifically by the contamination of the Meye Tributary System of the Artibonite River with a pathogenic strain of the current South Asian type Vibrio cholerae. Recommendations were presented to assist in preventing the future introduction and spread of cholera in Haiti […]

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